Are you interested in upgrading your ticket? Or making sure that you’re maximising the points and Status Credits earn from your flight? Even though it can be a tedious process, you’ll need to find out which fare class you’re booked into.

In this guide, I explain why fare classes are important, what the different fare classes are, and where to find them on your ticket. This will help you boost your frequent flyer balances and improve your chances of getting upgraded.

Why is this important?

Points earn

Firstly, the fare class will determine how many points or miles you will earn on a ticket you’ve purchased with cash. Not all fare classes are created equal.

For example, say you are flying from the East Coast of Australia or Adelaide to Los Angeles return in Qantas Economy Class. Depending on the ticket you buy, you’ll earn vastly different amounts of Qantas Points.

Fare classPoints earnedValue of points
Discount Economy (E, N, O or Q)9,000$171
Economy (G, K, L, M, S or V)13,500$256
Flexible Economy (B, H or Y)18,000$342

The figures above assume a value of 1.9 cents per Qantas Point.

The best place to decide which frequent flyer program to credit your flight to is

Status Credits earn

If you are chasing elite status with a frequent flyer program, then the fare class will also determine how many Status Credits (SCs) you’ll earn.

Velocity Gold Status welcome pack

For the example above, the cheapest fare (Discount Economy) will earn 90 SCs for Australia to LA return; a more expensive Flexible Economy ticket will earn double that (180 SCs). Buying more expensive tickets will get you to the next elite status tier more quickly.

Upgrade eligibility

The fare class will also determine if you can upgrade your ticket or not—and that’s a really common question we get here at Point Hacks.

Let me be upfront first: the chances of being upgraded have never been lower. Apart from usually having to book a more expensive Economy Class ticket, those with elite status will get priority over you.

There also needs to be space in the cabin in front of you—whether that’s Premium Economy, Business or First Class. That is more limited now that more people have access to points. The savviest frequent flyers tend to use their points to book outright premium cabin redemptions—and that’s our advice here at Point Hacks.

However, it is not impossible—as Natasha’s case study shows—so let’s look at that same example of your Qantas flight to LA:

Fare classEligible for upgrade to Premium EconomyEligible for upgrade to BusinessEligible for upgrade to First
Discount EconomyNoNoNo
Flexible EconomyYesYesNo

I’ll repeat—you are much more likely to fly in a premium cabin if you use your points from the outset to book an award seat rather than playing the upgrade lottery. If you are looking to fly Business or First Class to North America, here are some tips to increase your chances of snagging an award seat.

For more information, here are our guides on how to upgrade your flight with:

What are the fare class codes?

Each airline differs in how it prices their tickets, but the following table can be used as a general indication:

Fare classMeaning
G, K, L, M, N, O, Q, S, T, U, V, W & X

Discount Economy
B, H, M & YFull-fare Economy
E, P & WDiscount or full-fare Premium Economy
I & ZDiscount Business
C, D & JFull-fare Business
A & FFull-fare First

Frequent flyer speak

Those in the frequent flyer community will often use the following codes as shorthand:

Fare classMeaning
WPremium Economy

For example, you may see something like this in a frequent flyer forum:

Found 2 seats in QR J SYD-DOH.

which in real English means:

I found two award seats in Qatar Airways Business Class from Sydney to Doha.

Qatar Airways Qsuite Business Class
Qatar Airways Qsuite Business Class

Where can I find the fare class on my ticket?

Before you book

The easiest place to find this information is on the ‘advanced’ version of Google Flights. It’s called ITA Matrix.

In the search results, click on Details on the right-hand side and it will show the fare class in parentheses. In this case, the fare class for the Cathay Pacific flight is V whilst the Qantas one is L.

ITA Matrix Airfare Search

Qantas makes it difficult to work out your fare class. In the search results, it will show if it is a Sale, Saver or Flex ticket but won’t reveal the exact fare class code.

Qantas fare prices

You can see which fare codes are included in each category on the Qantas website.

Admittedly, they make it very easy to see how many Qantas Points and SCs you’ll earn. In the case above, it’s 2,600 Qantas Points and 30 SCs.

Virgin Australia doesn’t make it easy either. You’ll need to click not only on a specific flight but also select a fare type, e.g. Light, Getaway, Elevate or Freedom.

Virgin Australia booking inclusions search

Once you’ve done so, click View Fare Rules in the bottom right-hand corner:

Virgin Australia booking summary

and the first letter of the Fare Basis is the fare class. In this case, it’s V.

Virgin Australia fare class

After you book

Let’s be real—you might not care too much about the fare code at the time of making your booking. However, between then and when you actually take your flight, you may want to make sure you’ll earn the maximum amount of points—and that’s where the fare class comes in.

Inevitably, you should have received an email confirmation of your reservation. Depending on the airline, the fare class is will be in a different place. You’ll usually find it in the flight details box, which could be in the body of the email or in an attached PDF.

For example, I can easily see that on this United flight, I am booked into fare class N.

Flight information

And on this Iberia flight, I am booked into fare class O:

United Airlines fare class

What happens if you can’t find the fare class code? Contact the airline and give them your six-character booking reference number. You can obviously do so by phoning them. However, you may save time by sending a (private) message to them on social media.

They’ll probably have to verify your identity to make sure they aren’t giving your flight details to a stranger. Just ask them to give you the fare class code for your itinerary and they can do the heavy lifting in finding it for you.

Summing up

Working out fare class codes can be boring work. However, they make a huge difference to how many points and Status Credits you’ll earn. They’ll also determine whether your ticket is upgradable to a higher class.

You have the chance to find out your fare class both before and after booking your ticket. If you are after an upgradable ticket, then make sure that you are selecting the right type of fare before you book.

Above all, remember to attach your frequent flyer number to your booking so that you can claim the points and Status Credits that you are entitled to. Here is our guide to the eight opportunities you have to add your frequent flyer number to your booking.

Other related article

How have fare classes affected the way you travel? Do you purposely book a more expensive ticket to pick up extra points or increase your chances of getting upgraded?

What are fare classes and why are they important to frequent flyers? was last modified: May 12th, 2020 by Matt Moffitt