One common approach amongst frequent flyers is to use points for premium cabin travel on flights over three hours in duration and fly Economy Class on shorter routes.

However, what exactly is the difference between a short-, medium-, long- and even ultra-long-haul flight? There is no official definition but below is the most common one.

What is considered a short-haul, medium-haul and long-haul flight?

A short-haul flight is one of up to 3 hours in duration. Medium-haul flights take 3-6 hours. A long-haul flight runs for 6-12 hours, whilst an ultra-long-haul flight is in the air for over 12 hours.

QantasLink Boeing 717 | Point Hacks
Qantas uses Boeing 717 planes on some of its short-haul routes like Sydney – Canberra
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Examples of short-haul, medium-haul, long-haul and ultra-long-haul flights

Short-haul vs long-haul route examples
Can you guess which is which?
Short-haulUp to 3 hoursSydney - AdelaideVirgin AustraliaBoeing 737
Medium-haul3-6 hoursPerth - SingaporeSingapore AirlinesBoeing 787-10
Long-haul6-12 hoursMelbourne - TokyoQantasAirbus A330
Ultra-long-haulOver 12 hoursBrisbane - DubaiEmiratesAirbus A380
Emirates A380s on the tarmac at Auckland Airport
Emirates’ A380 aircraft are used on flights as long as 17 hours (Dubai to Auckland) but can also operate on ones as short as 40 minutes (Dubai to Muscat)

Other definitions


Some airlines have their own definition of flight length.

For example, Virgin Australia considers flights within Australia to be ‘domestic’; to New Zealand ‘Trans-Tasman’; the Pacific Islands and Southeast Asia ‘international short-haul’; Hong Kong and Los Angeles ‘international long-haul’.

Virgin Australia A330 Business Class (domestic) overview | Point Hacks
Even though it is six hours in length, Virgin Australia’s Sydney – Bali flight is considered by the airline to be short-haul

American Airlines, on the other hand, uses distance travelled as their measure. To them, short- and medium-haul flights are less than 3,000 miles, and long-haul flights are those over 3,000 miles as well as those between New York and Los Angeles/San Francisco.


Hong Kong Airport considers most Asian destinations to be short-haul, with everything else (including Australia, India and the US) long-haul.

Summing up

Understanding the difference between a short-, medium-, long- and ultra-long-haul flight can help you formulate a strategy to use your frequent flyer points more effectively.

It does so by helping you prioritise when to fly Economy Class and when to opt to pay more for a comfortable seat. For example, you may be happy flying in Economy Class on a domestic flight and save your points for a lie-flat Business Class seat to Asia.

Everyone has different definitions of short-, medium- and long-haul flights. What’s yours?

What is considered a short-haul, medium-haul and long-haul flight? was last modified: May 30th, 2022 by Matt Moffitt